In , the then Government of Pakistan declared Urdu to be the sole national language of Pakistan even though Bengali or Bangla was spoken by the majority of people combining East Pakistan now Bangladesh and West Pakistan now Pakistan The East Pakistan people protested, since the majority of the population was from East Pakistan and their mother language was Bangla. The sacrifice of the martyrs was not wasted. Different political, educational, government, private, socio-cultural and professional organizations chalk out elaborate programs for the day that consists of placing wreaths, cultural functions and discussion sessions. The prize recognizes outstanding achievement in the preservation of linguistic diversity, the revitalization of linguistic communities and the promotion of multilingualism. Bengali Language Movement Barak Valley. Archived from the original on 22 February Public holidays in Bangladesh.
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This page was last edited on 29 Marchat InBengali students in East Pakistan rose up and protested against the Pakistani government for declaring Urdu as the national language. Inthe then Government of Pakistan declared Urdu to be the sole national language of Pakistan even though Bengali or Bangla was spoken by the majority of diboxh combining East Pakistan now Bangladesh and West Pakistan now Pakistan The East Pakistan people protested, since the majority of the population was from East Pakistan and their mother language was Bangla.
Language Movement Day – Wikipedia
Archived from the original on 7 August Shops, offices and public transport were shut down and a general strike began.
Newspapers publish special supplements. Salam, Barkat, Rafiq, Jabbar and Shafiur died, with hundreds of others injured. Starting from midnight till the end of last hour of February 21, the central Shaheed Minar stands in glory in the midst of thousands of people and enormous flower wreaths. To promote their cause, Bengali students organised processions and rallies in Dhaka.
The two parts were very different to each other in sense of culture, language, etc. Archived from the original on 22 February The Journal of Asian Studies. Bangla students protest by crying out collectively “no, no” in loud voice 11 September – Jinnah dies.
Views Read Edit View history. Digitization began in June through the Bharatavani Project at the Central Institute of Indian Languages in Mysoreand by February content in 60 Indian languages had been made available free of charge.
To demolish the protest, the government of Pakistan outlawed public meeting and rallies. Police fired tear gas shells towards the gate to warn the students. National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh Second ed.
Different political, educational, government, private, socio-cultural and professional organizations chalk out elaborate programs for the day that consists of placing wreaths, cultural functions and discussion sessions. The central education minister Fazlur Rahman made extensive preparations to make Urdu the only state language of the Dominion of Pakistan. Through the sombre but intrinsically native observance the day continues to define the national and cultural identity that set Bengalis apart as a nation of independent people.
Accordingly, the Honourable President of the country is the first to place wreaths at the central Shaheed Minar at one minute past midnight, followed by the Prime Minister and other ministers. Mainly due to regional economic imbalances sectional divisions grew, and support for the Bengali ethnic nationalist Awami League, which invoked the 6-point movement for greater provincial autonomy.
The Language Movement in Bengali. This is one of the very rare incidents in history, where people had to sacrifice their lives for their mother tongue. Archived from the original on 7 July Ekushey Book Fair in AlbertaCanada. Retrieved 21 April Shorbodolio Kendrio Rashtrobhasha Kormi Porishod decide to declare February 21 as the day for strikes throughout the province terming the day as “Bhasha Dibosh” Language Day.
Its significance transcends from language movement to symbolize the struggle for emancipation from the oppression of the oppressors. After Pakistan’s “founding father” Muhammad Ali Jinnah and, later, fellow Bengali Khwaja Nazimuddin declared Urdu as the official state language, protest erupted throughout the eastern wing.
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Amongst the bhassha is a 9 year old boy. In the protest several students died for defending the Bengali language for themselves and for the future generations. International Mother Language Day. The Shaheed Minar Martyr’s Column in Dhaka, and other replicas around the world, was constructed as tribute to those who lost their lives to protect Bangla.